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Couplings developed to meet food industry requirements

Couplings developed to meet food industry requirements

Stainless steel shaft couplings meet the needs of specific sector applications, such as in hygienically sensitive food areas where the couplings come into contact with the food substrate.


Shaft couplings used within particular industries sometimes call for the use of custom materials in order to be compliant with special regulations and requirements. Examples of this include packaging machines for the food and pharmaceutical industries well as coating machinery that works under vacuum conditions.

In such industries, the choice of high grade steel is adapted to the respective customer requirements. Many industries require the use of stainless steel and the Schmidt-Kupplung product portfolio can meet this challenge across the majority of its product range. For example, within the food-processing industry it is common to see shaft couplings being utilised in many areas of the driven part of the machine. The working axial area available for installation can often be minimal. There can also be the case where the driven shaft coupling comes into direct contact with the food substrate.

Mechanically, the shaft coupling must deliver reliable and precise torque transmission, high torsional stiffness, axial shaft displacement and ease of fitting, these are typical application demands. In this scenario the Schmidt-Kupplung range can offer the Type C320 Semiflex Compact Plus stainless steel solution with split clamp hubs. By using a split clamp hub solution there is no need to axially shift any bordering components of the machine during installation. Additionally, the specific hygiene requirements can be met by using a high grade 1.4301 stainless steel for its construction.  

The torsionally stiff coupling, with an outer diameter of 120mm, has a nominal torque of 316Nm (maximum torque 330Nm) and a radial displacement capacity of 3mm, depending on specific torque and displacement requirements. What makes the shaft coupling unique is that the transmission of the rotary motion and torque takes place in the coupling through two pairs of parallel links arranged at 90 degrees to each other. They connect the driving side and the power take-off with the centre disc. The lateral displacement compensation takes place through a swivelling movement of the needle bearing parallel link rods on the connecting bolts that are located in the internal discs. Innovatively, synchronisation between driver and driven ends is therefore guaranteed despite the high displacement. Installation of the coupling, which is already designed to be very compact, is made easy with an overall length of only 88mm.

To meet the stringent regulations for machines that come into contact with food fit for human consumption, the needle bearings are equipped with food-grade grease. In other cases food legislation compliant slide bearings can be used. Similar coupling solutions are also applicable to packaging machines for the pharmaceutical sector and bottling plants. To some extent it was these industries that pioneered the use of 1.4501 stainless steel. Similarly, other Schmidt couplings or indeed coupling components such as coupling links are made out of 1.4541 and 1.4571 premium steel.
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